Draupadi Murmo, an elected chief of a marginalized tribe

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After a vote in Parliament, Draupadi Murmo was elected on Thursday, July 21, as the President of India. At the age of 64, she became the first female chief of a tribe and the second female president of the country.

Draupadi Murmo, of the Santal tribe, has been nominated by Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s ruling Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) party for the country’s largely ceremonial position of president. she was de facto It is almost certain that he will be electedPolitical analysts said that the BJP has a majority in Parliament and needs to win the support of other parties in the state legislatures.

According to the partial results released by the Electoral Commission on Thursday, Draupadi Murmo received the support of more than half of the members of Parliament, according to the partial results released by the Electoral Commission. Thus she became the first chief of the tribe and the second chief of India. The outgoing president, Ram Nath Kovind, is the country’s second president from the Dalit community, in the lowest rank in the caste system. forbidden “.

Former teacher, veteran politician, and advocate for minorities

Draupadi Mormo, 64, is a seasoned politician. Born in a tribal community in one of the poorest districts of the country, she managed to obtain her Bachelor of Arts degree from Ramadevi Women’s College in Bhubaneswar and began her career as a teacher in the eastern state of Odisha, in which she was actively involved. Struggle for the rights of tribal communities, before joining traditional politics.

She held several senior ministerial positions in state government, transportation, commerce, fisheries, and ranching, for which in 2007 she was awarded the Best Member of Parliament by the American Legislative Assembly. Then, in 2015, Odisha became the first female governor of an eastern US state. Jharkhand.

she “ He devoted his life to serving the community and empowering the poor, the oppressed and the marginalized, Narendra Modi paid tribute on Twitter last June after his candidacy was announced. I am convinced she will be a great president for our nation. »

His main opponent, Yashwant Sinha, 84, a former BJP member and former finance and foreign minister, has the support of opposition parties, including Congress. He is now a vocal critic of Narendra Modi’s government. ” This year’s presidential election is not a competition between two people, but between two ideologies. He tweeted in the meantime. There is only one side that wants to protect the provisions and values ​​enshrined in our Constitution. »

little executive power

India’s president is chosen for a five-year term by nearly 5,000 elected members of both houses of parliament and the country’s regional legislatures. Each vote is weighted according to the size of the constituencies, and the candidates are ranked in order of preference. If no candidate obtains more than 50% of the support, the candidate with the lowest score is disqualified and its votes are redistributed until the candidate emerges with an absolute majority. The election result will be announced later in the week.

The Indian constitution gives the president a largely ceremonial role, with the prime minister and his cabinet having executive powers. But the president plays a key role during political crises, such as when a general election is inconclusive, by deciding which party is best to form a federal government.

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