Equality of income between men and women and they?

We haven’t gotten there yet. The launch of the euro in England, on Wednesday, July 6, was preceded by announcements, with great fanfare, regarding the establishment of income equality between female and male choices. in many countries. But from one union to another, the standards of the agreements are far from having the same scope.

Let’s be clear: there is no pay equity. “It’s actually equal rewards and equal treatment. But there is no money, it has nothing to do with economics. Calling it salary is an abuse of language”input chip Luc Arrondel, CNRS researcher and co-author of Like boys? Women’s Football Economics. Of the 48 national associations that participated in the Women’s European Championship qualifiers, only ten placed their players on a relatively equal footing in the national team.

To understand what is at stake in Europe, you must first take a look around… the United States. In terms of equality, the Americans, four-time world champions and several Olympic champions, are pioneers. Their claims affect those made on the ancient continent. After three years of battle, the NFL on February 22 agreed to pay the women’s national team the same level as the men’s team”In all friendly matches and tournaments, including the World Cup.The statement said. “Collective agreement establishes complete equality at all levels of choice. It is a first!” , Economist Luke Arundel.

However, FIFA and UEFA (which organizes European competitions) will continue to pay federations more money for the participation of men’s teams. Reason: Earned income (TV rights, sponsorships) is much higher among men.

Associations redistribute part of the money to players in the form of bonuses. In 2019, the American world champions received 1.45 million euros. The American players, who were knocked out in the round of 16 in 2014, earned 4.5 million euros. This difference between the two whistleblowers was widely criticized across the Atlantic and led to a lawsuit by 28 footballers to US Soccer. discriminatory policy” new collective agreement, Both teams will pool their rewards and then share them equally.

On the other hand, wage equality is not absolute between men and women, even in the United States. Besides a few stars like Megan Rapinoe or Alex Morgan, the average annual salary for female US Open players was €23,000 in 2017, compared to €30,3147 for men, according to the report. “Global Sports Payroll Survey” (in English). “In the club economy, the markets are completely disjointed. Whereas in the national team, you can have the organization at the federation level. But when you talk about salaries, it’s generally about the clubs and not the national teams.”remembers Luc Arundel.

When asked about the agreement in the United States, international tri-color defender Wendy Renard noted that the American players were able to use certain means of pressure..eThey have titles and have a track record so they can fight this battle with their unionLyon player said. In media terms, they are very popular while this is not the case in Europe with the national teams.

However, with Euro 2022 approaching, the federations have made important announcements in terms of bonuses, such as Spanish (same bonus percentage), on June 14, 2022, or Dutch (same bonus), on June 20, 2022. Yes, but here it is: the devil is in Regulations paragraphs.

Mystery 1: The Euro and the World Cup are sometimes excluded from the agreements. Since January 2020, England players receive the same bonuses or bonuses linked to results as footballers. However, this is not the case for the two major competitions. “UEFA and FIFA give different amounts, so there will still be significant differences in the rewards. Unless the men redistribute what they are getting to equal the amounts.”Luke Arundel points out. TheThe selection of the women who will win the Euros on July 31 will receive 2.08 million euros. yon A figure well below the 28.5 million that Italy collected last summer after their European coronation.

In addition, the definition of “bonus” differs: is it the only reward that the Federation receives for the participation of players? daily compensation? The commercial income earned by the Federation from the tournament? photo rights? the tickets ? Everyone has their own recipe. Some put everything in a common bowl, others do not. In 2017, even if Norway offered equal rewards, Ada Hegerberg He had closed the door to the national team as an expression of his dissatisfaction with the difference in the treatment of the women’s team.

France's national team players, prior to their first match of the 2022 European Championship against Italy on July 10.  (OLI SCARFF / AFP)

On the part of France, the Union chose only equality in percentage of UEFA’s total prize money (30%) Donate Players and technical support. Added to this are other aspects of the stagnation in the women’s football economy in the region. “The tournament has been professional in Italy, Spain and England since 2016, but in France, oddly enough, we still don’t talk about it”Regrets Luke Arundel.

“In France, players have federal contracts, that is, the same contract as the gardener of the field.”

Luc Arundel, CNRS Researcher

in franceinfo: sport

On the other hand, D1 Arkema was the highest-paid league in Europe in 2017-2018 (with an average gross annual salary of €42,188), according to the report. “Global Sports Payroll Survey”. In women’s team sports, the French Championship was on the podium, behind the Women’s National Basketball Association and the Australian Netball League.

“France was ahead at one point with Lyon, Montpellier and then Paris Saint-Germain. It was innovative! But in England, there was awareness with the Euro regulation 2022”, says Luke Aurendell and cites the reforms implemented since 2016: “They have rebuilt the tournament, encouraged elite clubs to set up a women’s division, and offered high salaries. As a result, American players will now play more in England than France, and TV rights have been renegotiated to reach €8 million. [contre 1,5 million en France]. However, the two countries have one thing in common: the road to gender equality is still long.

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