In a new report, the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES) looks at how our societies value nature in the context of species extinction.
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What is the value of nature? What is the cultural, symbolic, or commercial value of the animal or plant? These questions are essential for understanding erosion of biodiversity, Which threatens a million species of animals and plants, analysis Scientists from the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES). In a report published on Monday, July 11, IPBES experts estimate In fact, this crisis It is closely related to how nature is evaluated in political and economic decisions.. They regret that these decisions are too focused Short-term profits and economic growth And it’s over “At the expense of nature and society, as well as future generations”.
To deal with this situation, scholars call for it Moving away from prevailing values and incorporating other ways of seeing the world into our decision-making processes. “Reversing human impact on biodiversity requires systemic and transformative change.”They say. The report mentions about fifty ways to take into account the different values of nature – cultural, ecological, etc. – And calls on the decision makers to seize it.
“The idea is not to ask everyone to act like spiritists [croyance qui dote les animaux et les plantes d’une âme]but to realize that there are ways of thinking that respect nature better than we do, such as those of indigenous peoples.”, translated by franceinfo Philippe Grandcolas, CNRS observer at IPBES. An ecologist, for example, advocates the fact “Reconnecting with Nature” He cites the state of natural parks.
This report is the result of four years of work by 82 international scientists and experts. Its summary for policymakers has been approved by the 139 governments, including France, that make up the platform. These conclusions have already been addressed briefly in some texts, such as the recent report on the sustainable use of wild species, but this is the first time the platform has looked exclusively at our value system. In 2019, a global report of the Platform had already identified economic growth as a major factor in the disappearance of animal and plant species.