Slavery, glory, disease, heroism, globalization, gold… Nine Questions for Conquerors

Heroic adventurers of the sixteenth centurye Century, the conquistadors became heroes of a bloody epic, a symbol of cruelty and exploitation. Beyond Manichaeism and anachronisms, what was the mentality of these men, but also the stakes and the closing account of the conquest that could, in some respects, be seen as the origin of globalization?

This article was taken from History of Figaro “The Conqueror’s Epic”. find in this case A special file on the conquest of the new world.

Conqueror’s saga. History of Le Figaro.

Fernando Cervantes specializes in the intellectual and religious history of modern Spain and Latin America. He studies at the University of Bristol in the United Kingdom.

How was the conquest organized?

There is nothing really like Al-Fateh organization What can be observed in contemporary sources is the gradual emergence among Europeans of the awareness that they found themselves, with the discovery of the American continent, faced with something radically new that required certain patterns of organization, which in turn must be adapted to changing circumstances and needs.

Only after Christopher Columbus reached some islands in the Bahamas in October 1492—an event that led to interesting discoveries in the Caribbean, including Cuba and Haiti (renamed Fernandina and Hispaniola)—Isabella of Castile and Ferdinand of Aragon began to think about terms of what we have come to call Invade “, but in their minds they were always seen as” Foundation and evangelism Returning from this first voyage of the Genoese, which were not adequately funded and particularly notably, royal support began to show itself in earnest. Had Columbus not brought back the evidence of gold, pearls, and spices there, as well as real novelties such as pineapples, peppers, hammocks and a host of “ Indians Was it named on purpose by the man who is believed to have reached the Indies?

First impressions of what would later be called “ America They were inevitably immersed in an Asian context: Columbus remained convinced until his death in 1506 that his “ Discover It was in Asia and that Cuba was a peninsula of China. With royal support, European explorers and settlers would soon be able to come into contact with the Christian population of this continent, well known in the European imagination since the first expeditions to Mongolia of Franciscan and Dominican monks in the 13th century.e century. In turn, it fed these myths about Eastern Christians – chief among them the priest John – who wanted to help Crusader Europe in its mission to restore the Holy Land to Christianity.

It was in this undeniable spirit of the Middle Ages that the first contacts with the newly discovered lands were conceived and organized. Its inhabitants were believed to have either been evangelized in the past – and thus only needed a reminder of their true origins – or were willing to accept their assimilation into Christianity in order to contribute to the conversion of non-Christians. Christians and they are required to conquer Jerusalem. So they were, from the beginning, considered complete vassals of the Catholic Monarchs and, most importantly, free individuals. idea Invade It didn’t see the light until much later: when Hernán Cortés, in an apparent act of disobedience to his immediate superior, Diego Velázquez, ruler of Cuba, defeated the Empire of Mexico (or the Aztecs) in central Mexico in 1521, he thus saw the New World as an astonishing novelty that was truly.

What are the features of invaders?

The profile of the early explorers and settlers can only be explained in the context of the last years of regained, The movement of the gradual restoration of lands under Islamic occupation since the eighthe The century culminated in the final surrender of Spain’s last Muslim enclave, the Kingdom of Granada, in January 1492. Near Granada, the city of Santa Fe was hastily built by Isabella and Ferdinand in the days before the fall of the Islamic kingdom. There is a church there…

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