TheThe abolition of the right to abortion decided by the US Supreme Court on June 24 is a shocking sign of the status of women. Thus, their rights in the United States are disintegrating with the support of major institutions.
As early as 1993, Suzanne Faludi declared a visionary in her article backlash. cold war against women (Des Femmes-Antoinette Fouque, 1993), this is the political reaction after the important but fragile progress of the feminist movements of the 1970s, thanks to which women emerged from their silence.
This step back is quite regressive in the strong sense of the term, as it denotes times of extreme hardship for women. In France in the 1950s and 1960s, clandestine abortions were synonymous with suffering, and even death, for thousands of women. There is a very present risk even today, when 47,000 people die every year in the world after an unsafe abortion, while the World Health Organization (WHO) and the United Nations (UN) recommend that abortion is a safe procedure for women.
We also remember the case of Romanian textbooks, when President Nicolae Ceausescu banned abortion: between 1966 and 1989, more than ten thousand women died during clandestine abortions and many children were abandoned. In overcrowded orphanages, they were left to fend for themselves, without care. . Even today, Americans highlight the benefits of their adoption system: Why abortion when everything is done so that we can adopt and then abandon the children born?, Supreme Court justices argued.
Retreat in Europe
Abortion treatment is not limited to America. Many political leaders, authoritarian in one form or another, work on this around the world, often with religious bias.
And so the bounce is felt again on the European continent. In 2013, the Spanish government rolled back the right to abortion and Spanish women can now only terminate a pregnancy on two conditions, in the event that a woman’s health is endangered or raped. Here again, for associations defending women’s rights, this decision is a step back thirty years, with Spain de facto returning to legislation dating back to 1985.
Portugal decided in 2015 to cancel reimbursement for abortion costs, and also required women to undergo psychiatric follow-up. This law was voted on under pressure from a powerful movement, baptized “for the right to be born”. Portuguese feminists denounce a return to clandestine abortion and criticize the presence of anti-abortion doctors in medical consultations, with the goal of controlling women and manipulating freedom of choice.
You have 54.4% of this article left to read. The following is for subscribers only.